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"Beyond the World of Pink and Blue" Companion Guide: Academic Resources

Companion guide to the 2017 Virtual Midwifery Week Presentation "Beyond the World of Pink and Blue: Sexual Orientation and Gender Non-Conformity in Graduate Education and Among Underserved Populations".

General References

Mayer, K. H., Bradford, J. B., Makadon, H. J., Stall, R., Goldhammer, H., & Landers, S. (2008). Sexual and gender minority health: What we know and what needs to be done. American Journal of Public Health, 98(6), 989.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. (2010). Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender health. From Healthy People 2020. Washington, DC. Retrieved from

Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. (2015). Affordable care act. Retrieved from

Buffie, W.C. (2011). Public health implications of same-sex marriage. American Journal of Public Health, 101(6), 986-990.

Pennant, M.E., Bayliss, S.E., & Meads, C.A. (2009). Improving lesbian, gay, and bisexual healthcare: A systematic review of qualitative literature from the UK. Diversity in Health and Care, 6, 193-203.

United States Department of Health and Human Services. (n.d.). Bullying and lgbt youth. Retrieved from

White House. (n.d.). Health reform for lgbt Americans: The affordable care act gives lgbt American greater control over their own health care. Retrieved from

References specifically related to Lesbian Health

Mercier, L.R., Harold, R.D., Dimond, M., & Berlin, S. (2013). Lesbian health care: Women’s experiences and the role for social work. Journal of Social Service Research, 39, 16-37.

Seaver, M.R., Freund, K.M., Wright, L.M., Tjia, J, & Frayne, S.M. (2008). Healthcare preferences among lesbians: A focus group analysis. Journal of Women’s Health, 17(2), 215-225.

Tracy, J.K., Lydecker, A.D., & Ireland, L. (2010). Barriers to cervical cancer screening among lesbians. Journal of Women’s Health, 19(2), 229-237.

United States Department of Health and Human Services. (2010). Healthy People 2020: Lesbian health fact sheet. Retrieved from


References Specifically related to Transgender Health

Adams, E. (2010). If transmen can have babies, how will perinatal nursing adapt?. The American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing, 35(1), 26-32. doi:10.1097/

Alegria, C. A. (2011). Transgender identity and health care: Implications for psychosocial and physical evaluation. Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, 23(4), 175-182. doi:10.1111/j.1745-7599.2010.00595.x

Associated Press. (2015, May 30). Policies on transgender admissions at women’s colleges. ABC News. Retrieved from

Cruz, T. M. (2014). Assessing access to care for transgender and gender nonconforming people: a consideration of diversity in combating discrimination. Social Science & Medicine (1982), 110, 65-73. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2014.03.032

Dargie, E., Blair, K. L., Pukall, C. F., & Coyle, S. M. (2014). Somewhere under the rainbow: Exploring the identities and experiences of trans persons. Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality, 23(2), 60. doi:10.3138/cjhs.2378

Donatone, B., & Rachlin, K. (2013). An intake template for transgender, transsexual, genderqueer, gender nonconforming, and gender variant college students seeking mental health services. Journal of College Student Psychotherapy, 27(3), 200-211. doi:10.1080/87568225.2013.798221

Dutton, L., Koenig, K., & Fennie, K. (2008). Gynecologic care of the female-to-male transgender man. Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health, 53(4), 331-337.

Ellis, S. A., Wojnar, D. M., & Pettinato, M. (2015). Conception, pregnancy, and birth experiences of male and gender variant gestational parents: It's how we could have a family. Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health, 60(1), 62-69. doi:10.1111/jmwh.12213

Filipovic, J. (2013, March 20). From school to society, the intolerance transgender people face. The Guardian. Retrieved from

Light, A. D., Obedin-Maliver, J., Sevelius, J. M., & Kerns, J. L. (2014). Transgender men who experienced pregnancy after female-to-male gender transitioning. Obstetrics & Gynecology, 124(6), 1120-1127. doi:10.1097/AOG.0000000000000540

National Center for Transgender Equality. (2015). Transgender healthcare insurance rules.  Retrieved from

National Center for Transgender Equality. (2014). Health care rights and transgender people. Retrieved from

Newfield, E., Hart, S., Dibble, S., & Kohler, L. (2006). Female-to-male transgender quality of life. Quality of Life Research, 15(9), 1447-1457. doi:10.1007/s11136-006-0002-3

Roberts, T. K., & Fantz, C. R. (2014). Barriers to quality health care for the transgender population. Clinical Biochemistry, 47(10-11), 983-987. doi:10.1016/j.clinbiochem.2014.01.009

Stroumsa, D. (2014). The state of transgender health care: Policy, law, and medical frameworks. American Journal of Public Health, 104(3), e31-e38. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2013.301789

Taylor, M. (2015, April 1). The growing trend of transgender “bathroom bully” bills. Al Jazeera America. Retrieved from

Transgender Law Center. (2012). Organizing for transgender health care: A guide for community clinic organizing and advocacy. Retrieved from

Unger, C. A. (2015). Care of the transgender patient: A survey of gynecologists' current knowledge and practice. Journal of Women's Health (15409996), 24(2), 114-118. doi:10.1089/jwh.2014.4918

Unger, C. A. (2014). Care of the transgender patient: The role of the gynecologist. American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology, 210(1), 16. doi:10.1016/j.ajog.2013.05.035

References focused on more than one orientation/identity

Zuzelo, P. R. (2014). Improving nursing care for lesbian, bisexual, and transgender women. JOGNN: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing, 43(4), 520-530. doi:10.1111/1552-6909.12477

Cahill, S., Singal, R., Grasso, C., King, D., Mayer, K., Baker, K., & Makadon, H. (2014). Do ask, do tell: High levels of acceptability by patients of routine collection of sexual orientation and gender identity data in four diverse American community health centers. Plos ONE, 9(9), 1-8. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0107104

Johnson, M.J., & Nemeth, L.S. (2014). Addressing health disparities of lesbian and bisexual women: A grounded theory study. Women’s Health Issues, 24(6), 635-640.

Martin, J.L., & Knox, J. (1999). Methodological and ethical issues in research on lesbians and gay men. Social Work Research, 24(1), 51-59.

McGeorge, C.R., Stone Carlson, T., & Toomey, R.B. (2015). An exploration of family therapists’ beliefs about the ethics of conversion therapy: The influence of negative beliefs and clinical competence with lesbian, gay, and bisexual clients. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 41(1), 42-56. doi: 10.1111/jmft.12040